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Issue 4, 2019
access_time 1 December 2019

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Issue 3, 2019
access_time 1 September 2019

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Issue 2, 2019
access_time 1 June 2019

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Workshop & Special Issue on Consumer entrepreneurship and its reflections on branding theory and practice
access_time Expiry date: 05/04/2019
Workshop & Special Issue on Consumer entrepreneurship and its reflection on branding theory and practice 
Scientific Committee
- Rossella Gambetti, Cattolica University Milan (rossella.gambetti@unicatt.it
- Silvia Biraghi, Cattolica University Milan (silvia.biraghi@unicatt.it
- Federica Ceccotti, Sapienza University of Rome (federica.ceccotti@uniroma1.it)
Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore
Milan, May 28, 2019
Contemporary consumer activism in catalysing and channeling intellectual resources, affective labor and extraordinary expressive and productive abilities is subverting the company-driven logics traditionally associated to market formation and entrepreneurial development. Consumers, enabled by networked platforms, are increasingly engaging in the creation of new business models that impact the world of brands.
Traditionally studies on market formation and dynamics focused on companies as the main agents responsible for the creation of new markets. In contrast with this view, current streams of thought (see for instance Peñaloza & Venkatesh, 2006, Schouten et al., 2016; Venkatesh, Peñaloza, & Firat, 2006) suggest that markets are socially constructed, and marketers and consumers co-create the marketplace.
Nowadays consumers are able to co-create and self-produce both symbolic contents and tangible outputs (Campbell, 2005; Cova, Dalli, & Zwick, 2011; Merz, He, & Vargo, 2009; Ritzer, 2014). Through these activities consumers and consumer collectives may foster the emergence of new creative practices and innovations (Thomas, Price, & Schau, 2013; Arnould, 2014) and new products (Martin & Schouten, 2014).
Research on market system dynamics (Giesler & Fischer, 2016) highlights how consumers not only possess the capacity to affect market trajectories, but also may play a role in envisioning and creating new markets (Arvidsson, 2008; Geiger, Kjellberg, & Spencer, 2012; Scaraboto, 2015; Biraghi, Gambetti & Pace, 2018a). In addition to the role of consumers as modifiers of an existing market offer, the new role of unconventional consumer-entrepreneurs (Cova & Guercini, 2018) is currently emerging and affecting (or even creating new) marketplaces beyond the modification of existing products (see for instance Biraghi, Gambetti & Pace, 2018b; Ashman, Patterson & Brown, 2018; Pedeliento et al., 2018; Mardon, Molesworth & Grigore, 2018; Milanesi, 2018).
This increasing entrepreneurial fervor is raising new challenges to the world of brands and branding: what role can traditional brands play in this evolving scenario? Which new brands are emerging? How are the relationships between consumer-entrepreneurs and brands reconfiguring? Which new business models are the new consumer entrepreneurs creating? How are the new consumer entrepreneurs-asbrands building and managing their bond and influence on other consumers?
These questions represent the starting point for our workshop and upcoming special issue of Mercati e Competitività to revisit the concept and the role of brand and branding in light of the emergence of new forms of consumer-entrepreneurship. This on the background of the big cultural changes related to the progressive emergence of social phenomena such as liquid and accelerated society, network society, networked individualism, technocapitalism, and the reconfiguring of the agency among consumers, brands and objects.
KTopics of interests include, among others:  
New sources of consumer entrepreneurship and how they affect the world of brands and branding;
- Understanding new branding models and markets created by consumer entrepreneurs;
- The rise of consumer entrepreneurs as new brands;
- The relationship between consumer entrepreneurs-as-brands and consumer collectives in networked
platforms (i.e. Instagram, Facebook, YouTube, Reddit, Pinterest);
- The role of the web and networked platforms in branding consumer entrepreneurship projects;
- Theoretical developments of consumer entrepreneurship as related to brand management, consumer culture
and marketing communications;
- Emerging methods to investigate consumer entrepreneurship and its impact on branding;
- Measuring the effectiveness of branding strategies of consumer entrepreneurs.
Keynote Speaker
- Bernard Cova, Kedge Business School, Marseille.
Submissions and Special Issue
Scholars who wish to present a paper at the workshop are invited to submit an extended abstract in English of 750-1000 words to: rossella.gambetti@unicatt.it; silvia.biraghi@unicatt.itfederica.ceccotti@uniroma1.it no later than April 5, 2019. Authors will be notified of the outcome of the selection process by April 15, 2019.
Mercati e Competitività will announce a call for papers for a special issue on this topic. With this workshop the scientific committee aims to stimulate interest in the special issue, spark  intellectual exchange on the topic, generate debate and provide feedback to prospective authors who may consider submitting a paper to this special issue.
The academic program will start in the morning at 10.00 and end in the afternoon, approximately at 16.00. Professor Bernard Cova, who is an academic pioneer and has conducted groundbreaking research on this topic, will give a keynote speech to introduce the workshop. Then the selected extended abstracts among the ones proposed to the scientific committee will be presented with a power point presentation and then discussed with the other workshop participants for about 30 minutes (20 minute presentation + 10 minutes Q&A).
There is no conference fee for members of SIMktg. Participants should register no later than May 10, 2019, by sending an email to: rossella.gambetti@unicatt.it; silvia.biraghi@unicatt.itfederica.ceccotti@uniroma1.it
Other information
For any information please contact: rossella.gambetti@unicatt.it
Important dates to remember
Deadline for extended abstract submission: April 5, 2019
Deadline for registration to the workshop: May 10, 2019
Selected references 
- Arnould, E. J. (2014). Rudiments of a value praxeology. Marketing Theory, 14(1), 129–133.
- Arvidsson, A. (2008). The ethical economy of customer coproduction. Journal of Macromarketing, 28(4), 326–338.
- Ashman, R., Patterson, A., & Brown, S. (2018). ‘Don't forget to like, share and subscribe’: Digital autopreneurs in a neoliberal world. Journal of Business Research, 92(4), 474-483.
- Biraghi, S., Gambetti, R.C., & Pace, S. (2018a). Emerging Market Dynamics Within and Beyond Consumer Tribes. In Cross, N.N., Ruvalcaba, C., Venkatesh, A., Belk, R. (eds.) Consumer Culture Theory. Research in Consumer Behavior, 19 (pp. 57-69). Emerald Publishing Limited.
- Biraghi, S., Gambetti, R.C., & Pace, S. (2018b). Between tribes and markets: The emergence of a liquid consumer entrepreneurship. Journal of Business Research, 92(4), 392-402.
- Campbell, C. (2005) The Craft Consumer. Journal of Consumer Culture, 5(1), 23–42.
- Cova, B. & Guercini, S. (2018). Unconventional entrepreneurship. Journal of Business Research, 92(4), 385-391.
- Cova, B., Dalli, D., & Zwick, D. (2011). Critical Perspectives on Consumers' Role as 'Producers': Broadening the Debate on Value Co-Creation in Marketing Processes. Marketing Theory, 11(3), 231–241.
- Geiger, S., Kjellberg, H. & Spencer, R. (2012). Shaping Exchanges, Building Markets. Consumption Markets and Culture, 15(2), 133–147.
- Giesler, M., & Fischer, E. (2016). Market system dynamics. Marketing Theory, 17(1), 3–8.
- Mardon, R., Molesworth, M. & Grigore, G. (2018). YouTube beauty gurus and the emotional labour of tribal entrepreneurship. Journal of Business Research, 92(4), 443-454.
- Martin, D. M, & Schouten, J. W. (2014). Consumption-driven market emergence. Journal of Consumer Research, 40(1), 855–870.
- Merz, M. A, He, Y., & Vargo, S. L. (2009). The evolving brand logic: a service-dominant logic perspective. Journal of the Academy of Marketing Science, 37(3), 328–344.
- Milanesi, M. (2018). Exploring passion in hobby-related entrepreneurship: evidence from Italian cases, Journal of Business Research, 92(4), 423-430.
- Peñaloza, L., & Venkatesh, A. (2006). Further evolving the new dominant logic of marketing: from services to the social construction of markets, Marketing Theory, 6(3), 299–316.
- Pedeliento, G., Bettinelli, C., Andreini, D. & Bergamaschi, M. (2018). Consumer entrepreneurship and cultural innovation: the case of Gin012. Journal of Business Research, 92(4), 431-442.
- Ritzer, G. (2014). Prosumption: evolution, revolution, or eternal return of the same?. Journal of Consumer Culture, 14(1), 3–24.
- Scaraboto, D. (2015). Selling, sharing, and everything in between: The hybrid economies of collaborative networks. Journal of Consumer Research, 42(1), 152–176.
- Schouten, J. W., Martin, D. M., Blakaj, H., & Botez, A. (2016). From counterculture movement to mainstream market. In Canniford, R., & Bajde, D. (2016). Assembling consumption: Researching actors, networks and markets. Abingdon, Routledge.
- Thomas, T. S., Price, L. L. , & Schau, H. J. (2013). When differences unite: resource dependence in heterogeneous consumption communities. Journal of Consumer Research, 39(5), 1010–1033.
- Venkatesh, A., Peñaloza, L., & Firat, F. (2006). The market as a sign system and the logic of the market. In R. F. Lusch, & S. L. Vargo (Eds.), The service-dominant logic of marketing: dialog, debate, and directions (pp. 251–265). Armonk, NY: M.E. Sharpe.
Past, present and future challenges on customer experience: digging knowledge across sectors
access_time Expiry date: 10/11/2018

Past, present and future challenges on customer experiences: digging knowledge across sectors

Guest Editors

- Giacomo Del Chiappa University of Sassari (gdelchiappa@uniss.it) 

- Martina Gallarza, University of Valencia (martina.gallarza@uv.es) 

Experiential marketing roots its origin in the early 1980s (Holbrook & Hirschman, 1982; Holbrook & Corfman, 1985), when academicians started to suggest a shift from primarily utilitarian conceptions of consumer behaviour towards an expanded experiential and phenomenological perspective where hedonic, symbolic, and aesthetic aspects of consumption are key aspects to be considered when grasping to fully understand consumption acts. Since then, the experiential paradigm has been attracting huge attention from both the researchers belonging to different disciplines (e.g. marketing, sociology, anthropology, psychology, etc.) and the industry. Overtime, different frameworks have arisen, where consumer experience has been conceptualized as a combination of escapism, aesthetics, entertainment and education (Pine & Gilmore, 1999), or dimensions of strategic experiential modules (Schmitt, 1999), namely sensory experience (SENSE), emotional experience (FEEL), thinking experience (THINK), operational experience (ACT) and related experiences (RELATE). More recently, both theoretical and empirical studies have showed that a key challenge for any marketers is to be able to provide authentic and memorable experiences (Gibbs & Ritchie, 2010). 

The experiential view is no longer new, but the dual hedonic/utilitarian concept has continued to interest academic writers across the decades, with retailing and tourism emerging as two paradigmatic experiential service settings. Indeed, retailing has been a preferred field for applications and replications of experiential dimensions of shopping values (e.g. Mathwick et al., 2001; Petermans, et al., 2013) while, within research set in a tourism context, adopting an experiential paradigm has been even scarcer (Ritchie et al., 2011). In tourism-related literature, most of the existing studies have investigated the tourist experience on-site (e.g. Williams, 2006), whilst less attention has been given to experiences in supporting services (e.g. accommodation, food, transportation, wineries, etc.). 
Despite the long and deep range of works devoted to this domain, there is a wide diversity and range of meanings attached to the concept of experience, causing a lack of universal consensus on its definition. Indeed, the word “experience” is among the most used and misused in marketing literature, and a need of framing what experience is and how it can be defined still remains. Furthermore, no single model of experiential consumption has emerged (Titz, 2007). Hence, there is still an interest for further research aimed at framing and delimiting what the "consumption experience” is and how it relates to other notions, such as brand experience (Andreini et al., 2018; Brakus et al., 2009), or service experience (Blocker & Barrios, 2015). 
Customer experience is related to other main and pivotal contemporary topics that this special issue is meant to cover, such as consumer value and value co-creation. 
Consumer value has been considered at the very heart of any experiential approach to consumer behaviour (Holbrook, 1999; Wu & Liang, 2009). Albeit, understanding the process of creating and attributing value has interested a relevant number of scholars, who have long agreed on a lack of consistency concerning the nature of value, its characteristics and its conceptualisation and measurement. Although authors recognise that service value is multidimensional, there is no consensus on the number of types or on the criteria for classifying and assessing them. Recently, Gallarza et al. (2017) carried out, proposed and validated a third-order value model in the hotel sector that captures the resulting eight value types (efficiency, excellence, play, aesthetics, status, esteem, ethics, and escapism as an adaptation of spirituality). The case-specific nature of this research (i.e. set in the hotel sector) calls for future adaptations and replications of this higher-order structure in different service settings. Longitudinal studies might be also useful to capture the dynamics of the industry, demand and society and to further advance the knowledge of processes and interaction in the context of experience consumption. Recently, academicians have started to investigate how experience/service consumption can contribute to positively influence the lives and well-being of individuals (Anderson & Ostrom, 2015). In this strand of research (i.e. transformative service research), a “new” type of value (i.e. transformative value) is considered to acknowledge the “social dimension of value creation that generates uplifting change for greater well-being among individuals and collectives” (Blocker & Barrios, 2015, p. 1). In tourism-related literature, transformative value has been considered as what the travellers can gain from travel experiences in term of reconsidering the personal value system as opposed to others’ (Kirillova et al., 2017a, 2017b), and therefore digging knowledge on the multidimensional customer experience in terms of building or renewing the self, learning, opening one’s mind, fostering understanding, enrichment, growth, and development (Reisinger, 2013). In current literature, this “new” value has been mainly theoretically conceptualised and qualitatively investigated. Future research could propose studies attempting to develop and validate scales to measure it and/or consider it alongside other types of value when quantitatively investigating the influence of different value types on satisfaction, memorability and behavioural intentions. 
It is well accepted that customer experience can be viewed from multiple perspectives including the customer, the firm, or both in the co-creation process (Chandler & Lusch, 2015). Value co-creation “is the joint, collaborative, concurrent, peer-like process of producing new value, both materially and symbolically” (Galvagno & Dalli, 2014, p. 644). In such a scenario, consumers become a kind of “working consumers” (Dalli & Cova, 2009), actively shaping/making their lived experience in a marketscape in which consumers and producers live in a continuum between co-harmony and co-destruction (Plé & Chumpitaz Cáceres, 2010). The role of subjective and lived consumer experience in value co-creation/co-destruction is an emerging topic that would merit further attention to deepen our understanding about how customers live this experience (e.g. Galvagno & Dalli, 2014) and about how the co-creation/destruction of experiences - eventually mediated and facilitated by Information and Communication Technologies, Social Media, Augmented Reality and Virtual Reality - might contribute to render them memorable/unmemorable. This research trajectory would merit to be developed to consider the challenging role that the uprise of sharing and collaborative economy has been exerting since the very last few years, also providing consumers with the opportunity to transform their self (Decrop et al., 2018). 
Research investigating experiences usually takes a process and/or an outcome-based perspective (Lin & Kuo, 2016), and underlines that one of the major challenges in developing an exceptional and memorable experience is to create a connection among different offline and online touchpoints within the customer journey (Lemon & Verhoef, 2016; Voorhees et al., 2017). This calls for further developing the existing theoretical and empirical knowledge (e.g. Barwitz & Maas, 2018; Kranzbuhler et al., 2017) about how the consumer experience can be designed and lived in multichannel decision-making settings (e.g. retailing, tourism, hospitality and leisure). 
All that said, and without limiting the scope of the papers to be submitted, this special issue welcomes original empirical or analytical work related to the following topics: 
- Cognitive, emotional, sensory, social, spiritual and transformative dimensions of consumer experiences 
- Memorable experiences 
- Systematic Literature Reviews or state-of-the-art on experiential marketing 
- Conceptualisations of customer experience and consumer journey 
- Managing service design, service encounters and customer experience 
- Open innovation, co-creation, co-destruction and customer engagement approaches in experience design 
- Consumer values types and their influence on experience memorability 
- Transformative power and value of experience consumption 
- Consumer value types and customer experience management in tourism, hospitality and event 
- Consumer value types, experiences and cross-sectorial analysis 
- Key drivers and consequences of customer experience adopting an offline and/or an online perspective 
- Influence of ICTs, Social Media, Virtual Reality and Augmented Reality on experience design and consumption 
- Experiential consumption in the era of sharing and collaborative economy 
- Consumer experience in multichannel decision-making 
The special issue welcomes studies that use a range of methodologies including qualitative (e.g. case studies, field experiments, interpretative phenomenographic research, mobile ethnography, grounded theory, content analysis, quantitative (e.g., structural equation modelling, econometric analysis, cluster analysis) and mixed-methods. Furthermore, it also encourages the submission of studies adopting interdisciplinary and longitudinal approaches to consumption experiences. 
Paper submission/selection
Abstract proposal need to be submitted to the guest editors (gdelchiappa@uniss.it - martina.gallarza@uv.es) and to rivista@simktg.it by November 10th 2018 
Full papers need to be submitted through the online platform
The platform can be also browsed in English by using the button “language” in the right side of the submission platform. 
When submitting a paper, authors need to mention that the paper should be considered for this special issue. To do this, authors are kindly asked to click the “section” button and to tick “SPECIAL ISSUE CUSTOMER EXPERIENCE”. 
All the papers need to strictly adhere to the specific guidelines of the journal
Inquiries can be sent to guest editors (gdelchiappa@uniss.it - martina.gallarza@uv.es) and to rivista@simktg.it 
Key dates 
- Submission of abstract (up to 750 words): November 10th 2018 
- Notification of abstract acceptance: November 15th 2018 
- Submission of full paper: January 10th 2019 
Key references
- Anderson, L. & Ostrom, A. (2015). Transformative Service Research: Advancing our Knowledge about Service and Well-being, Editorial. Journal of Service Research, 19(3), 243–249. 
- Andreini, D., Pedeliento, G., Zarantonello, L. & Solerio, C. (2018). A renaissance of brand experience: Advancing the concept through a multi-perspective analysis. Journal of Business Research, 91, 123-133. 
- Barwitz, N. & Maas, P. (2018). Understanding the Omnichannel Customer Journey: Determinants of Interaction Choice. Journal of Interactive Marketing, 43, 116–133. 
- Blocker, C. P. & Barrios, A. (2015). The Transformative Value of a Service Experience. Journal of Service Research, 18(3), 265–283. 
- Brakus, J. J., Schmitt, B. H. & Zarantonello, L. (2009). Brand experience: what is it? How is it measured? Does it affect loyalty? Journal of marketing, 73(3), 52-68. 
- Chandler, J. D. & Lusch, R. F. (2015). Service systems: a broadened framework and research agenda on value propositions, engagement, and service experience. Journal of Service Research, 18(1), 6-22. 
- Cova, B. & Dalli, D. (2009). Working consumers: the next step in marketing theory? Marketing theory, 9(3), 315-339. 
- Decrop, A., Del Chiappa, G., Mallargé, J. & Zidda, P. (2018). Couchsurfing has made me a better person and the world a better place: the transformative power of collaborative tourism experiences. Journal of Travel & Tourism Marketing, 35(1), 57-72. 
- Gallarza, M. G., Arteaga, F., Del Chiappa, G., Gil-Saura, I. & Holbrook, M. B. (2017). A multidimensional service-value scale based on Holbrook’s typology of customer value: bridging the gap between the concept and its measurement. Journal of Service Management, 28(4), 724-762. 
- Galvagno, M. & Dalli, D. (2014). Theory of value co-creation: a systematic literature review. Managing Service Quality, 24(6), 643-683. 
- Gibbs, D. & Ritchie, C. (2010). Theatre in restaurants: Constructing the experience. In M. Morgan, P. Lugosi, & J. R. B.
- Ritchie (Eds.), The tourism and leisure experience: Consumer and managerial perspectives (pp. 182–201). Bristol: Channel View Publications. 
- Holbrook, M.B. & Corfman, K.P. (1985). Quality and value in the consumption experience: Phaedrus rides again", in
- Jacoby, J. and Olson, J. C. (Ed.), Perceived quality: How consumers view stores and merchandise (pp. 31-57). Lexington, MA: Health and Company. 
- Holbrook, M.B. & Hirschman, E.C. (1982). The experiential aspects of consumption: consumer fantasies, feelings and fun. Journal of Consumer Research, 9(2), 132-140. 
- Holbrook, M.B. (1999). Consumer value: A framework for analysis and research, Routledge, London. 
- Kirillova, K., Lehto, X. & Cai, L. (2017a). What triggers transformative tourism experiences? Tourism Recreation Research, 42(4), 498-511. 
- Kirillova, K., Lehto, X. & Cai, L. (2017b). Existential authenticity and anxiety as outcomes: The tourist in the experience economy. International Journal of Tourism Research, 19(1), 13-26. 
- Kranzbuhler, A-M., Klejinen, M.H.P., Morgan, R.E. & Teerling, M. (2017). The Multilevel Nature of Customer Experience Research: An Integrative Review and Research Agenda. International Journal of Management Reviews, 20(2), 1-24. 
- Lemon, K. N. & Verhoef, P. C. (2016). Understanding Customer Experience Throughout the Customer Journey. Journal of Marketing, 80, 69-96. 
- Lin, C. H. & Kuo, B. Z. L. (2016). The behavioral consequences of tourist experience. Tourism Management Perspectives, 18, 84-91. 
- Mathwick, C., Malhotra, N. &and Rigdon, E. (2001). Experiential value: Conceptualization, measurement and application in the catalog and internet shopping environment. Journal of Retailing, 77(1),39-56. 
- Petermans, A., Janssens, W., & Van Cleempoel, K. (2013). A holistic framework for conceptualizing customer experiences in retail environment. International Journal of Design, 7(2), 1-18. 
- Pine, B. J. & Gilmore, J. H. (1998). Welcome to the experience economy. Harvard Business Review, 76, 97-105. 
- Plé, L. & Chumpitaz Cáceres, R. (2010). Not always co-creation: introducing interactional co-destruction of value in service-dominant logic. Journal of Services Marketing, 24(6), 430-437. 
- Reisinger, Y. (2013). Connection between Travel, Tourism and Transformation. In Y. Reisinger (Ed.) Transformational Tourism: Tourist Perspectives (pp. 27–32). Oxfordshire, UK: CABI. 
- Ritchie, J.R.B., Tung, V.W.S. & Ritchie, R.J.B. (2011). Tourism experience management research: Emergence, evolution and future directions. International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management, 23(4), 419-438. 
- Schmitt, B. H. (1999). Experiential Marketing. How to Get Customers to Sense, Feel, Think, Act, Relate. New York: The Free Press. 
- Titz, K. (2007). Experiential consumption: affect - emotions - hedonism. In A. Pizam, & H. Oh (Eds.), Handbook of Hospitality Marketing Management (pp. 324-352). Oxford: Butterworth-Heinemann. 
- Voorhees, C. M., Fombelle, P. W., Gregoire, Y., Bone, S., Gustafsson, A., Sousa, R. & Walkowiak, T. (2017). Service encounters, experiences and the customer journey: Defining the field and a call to expand our lens. Journal of Business Research, 79, 269-280. 
- Williams, A. (2006). Tourism and hospitality marketing: fantasy, feeling and fun. International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management, 18(6), 482 – 495.
- Wu, C.H. & Liang, R. (2009). Effect of experiential value on customer satisfaction with service encounters in luxury-hotel restaurants. International Journal of Hospitality Management, 28(4), 586-593. 
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